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Author(s): Greene, Jenny E.; Janish, Ryan; Ma, Chung-Pei; McConnell, Nicholas J; Blakeslee, John P; et al

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Abstract: We examine stellar population gradients in similar to 100 massive early-type galaxies spanning 180 < sigma(*) < 370 km s(-1) and M-K of -22.5 to -26.5 mag, observed as part of the MASSIVE survey. Using integral-field spectroscopy from the Mitchell Spectrograph on the 2.7 m telescope at McDonald Observatory, we create stacked spectra as a function of radius for galaxies binned by their stellar velocity dispersion, stellar mass, and group richness. With excellent sampling at the highest stellar mass, we examine radial trends in stellar population properties extending to beyond twice the effective radius (similar to 2.5 R-e). Specifically, we examine trends in age, metallicity, and abundance ratios of Mg, C, N, and Ca, and discuss the implications for star formation histories and elemental yields. At a fixed physical radius of 3-6 kpc (the likely size of the galaxy cores formed at high redshift), stellar age and [alpha/Fe] increase with increasing sigma(*) and depend only weakly on stellar mass, as we might expect if denser galaxies form their central cores earlier and faster. If we instead focus on 1-1.5 R-e, the trends in abundance and abundance ratio are washed out, as might be expected if the stars at large radius were accreted by smaller galaxies. Finally, we show that when controlling for sigma(*), there are only very subtle differences in stellar population properties or gradients as a function of group richness; even at large radius, internal properties matter more than environment in determining star formation history.
Publication Date: 1-Jul-2015
Electronic Publication Date: 24-Jun-2015
Citation: Greene, Jenny E, Janish, Ryan, Ma, Chung-Pei, McConnell, Nicholas J, Blakeslee, John P, Thomas, Jens, Murphy, Jeremy D. (2015). THE MASSIVE SURVEY. II. STELLAR POPULATION TRENDS OUT TO LARGE RADIUS IN MASSIVE EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 807 (10.1088/0004-637X/807/1/11
DOI: doi:10.1088/0004-637X/807/1/11
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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