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|Abstract:||BACKGROUND Maternal education-infant health gradients are flatter among foreign-born mothers than U.S.-born mothers; However, because common metrics of infant health are less predictive of infant mortality for some racial/ethnic and nativity groups, further study of maternal education-infant mortality gradients is necessary. OBJECTIVE We investigate whether maternal education–infant mortality gradients vary by race/ethnicity and nativity among infants born to mothers in the United States. METHODS We use data from the 1998‒2002 National Vital Statistics Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data published by the National Center for Health Statistics (N = 17,520,140) to estimate logistic regression models predicting infant, neonatal, and post neonatal mortality by race/ethnicity and nativity. RESULTS The negative associations between maternal education and infant mortality are stronger for US-born mothers than foreign-born mothers. Among both groups, non-Hispanic whites have the highest returns to education and Non-Hispanic blacks have the lowest returns. While foreign-born mothers are less likely to have an infant die than their native-born counterparts, this advantage is largest at the lowest levels of education and converges at the highest levels of education. For most racial/ethnic groups, the maternal education–infant mortality gradient is steeper during the postneonatal period than during the neonatal period.|
|Citation:||Green, Tiffany, Hamilton, Tod G. (2019). Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity? DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH, 41 (713 - 752). doi:10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25|
|Pages:||713 - 752|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH|
|Version:||Final published version. This is an open access article.|
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