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FEF-Controlled Alpha Delay Activity Precedes Stimulus-Induced Gamma-Band Activity in Visual Cortex

Author(s): Popov, Tzvetan; Kastner, Sabine; Jensen, Ole

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Abstract: Recent findings in the visual system of nonhuman primates have demonstrated an important role of gamma-band activity (40–100 Hz) in the feedforward flow of sensory information, whereas feedback control appears to be established dynamically by oscillations in the alpha (8–13 Hz) and beta (13–18 Hz) bands (van Kerkoerle et al., 2014; Bastos et al., 2015). It is not clear, however, how alpha oscillations are controlled and how they interact with the flow of visual information mediated by gamma-band activity. Using noninvasive human MEG recordings in subjects performing a visuospatial attention task, we show that fluctuations in alpha power during a delay period in a spatial attention task preceded subsequent stimulus-driven gamma-band activity. Importantly, these interactions correlated with behavioral performance. Using Granger analysis, we further show that the right frontal-eye field (rFEF) exerted feedback control of the visual alpha oscillations. Our findings suggest that alpha oscillations controlled by the FEF route cortical information flow by modulating gamma-band activity.
Publication Date: 12-Apr-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 17-Mar-2017
Citation: Popov, Tzvetan, Kastner, Sabine, Jensen, Ole. (2017). FEF-Controlled Alpha Delay Activity Precedes Stimulus-Induced Gamma-Band Activity in Visual Cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 37 (15), 4117 - 4127. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3015-16.2017
DOI: doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3015-16.2017
ISSN: 0270-6474
EISSN: 1529-2401
Pages: 4117 - 4127
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: The Journal of Neuroscience
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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