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Metrology Camera System of Prime Focus Spectrograph for Subaru Telescope

Author(s): Wang, Shiang-Yu; Chou, Richard CY; Huang, Pin-Jie; Chang, Yin-Chang; Ling, Hung-Hsu; et al

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Abstract: The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is a new optical/near-infrared multi-fiber spectrograph designed for the prime focus of the 8.2m Subaru telescope. PFS will cover a 1.3 degree diameter field with 2394 fibers to complement the imaging capabilities of Hyper SuprimeCam. To retain high throughput, the final positioning accuracy between the fibers and observing targets of PFS is required to be less than 10 mu m. The metrology camera system (MCS) serves as the optical encoder of the fiber positioners for the configuring of fibers. MCS provides the fiber positions within a 5 microns error over the 45 cm focal plane. The information from MCS will be fed into the fiber positioner control system for the closed loop control. MCS locates at the Cassegrain focus of Subaru telescope to cover the whole focal plan with one 50M pixel Canon CMOS camera. It is a 380 mm aperture Schmidt type telescope which generates uniform spot size around 10 mu m FWHM across the field for reasonable sampling of the point spreading function. An achromatic lens set is designed to remove the possible chromatic error due to the variation of the LED wavelength. Carbon fiber tubes are used to provide stable structure over the operation conditions without focus adjustments. The CMOS sensor can be read in 0.8 s to reduce the overhead for the fiber configuration. The positions of all fibers can be obtained within 0.5 s after the readout of the frame. This enables the overall fiber configuration to be less than 2 minutes. MCS is installed inside a standard Subaru Cassgrain Box. All components generate heat are located inside a glycol cooled cabinet to reduce the possible image motion due to the heat. The integration of MCS started from fall 2017 and it was delivered to Subaru in April 2018. In this report, the performance of MCS after the integration and verification process in ASIAA and the performance after the delivery to Subaru telescope are presented.
Publication Date: 2018
Citation: Wang, Shiang-Yu, Chou, Richard CY, Huang, Pin-Jie, Chang, Yin-Chang, Ling, Hung-Hsu, Yan, Chi-Hung, Karr, Jennifer, Hsu, Shu-Fu, Chen, Hsin-Yo, Hu, Yen-Shan, Gunn, James E, Reiley, Dan J, Tamura, Naoyuki, Takato, Naruhisa, Moritani, Yuki, Shimono, Atsushi. (2018). Metrology Camera System of Prime Focus Spectrograph for Subaru Telescope. GROUND-BASED AND AIRBORNE INSTRUMENTATION FOR ASTRONOMY VII, 10702 (10.1117/12.2311902
DOI: doi:10.1117/12.2311902
ISSN: 0277-786X
EISSN: 1996-756X
Type of Material: Conference Article
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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