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How Social-Class Stereotypes Maintain Inequality

Author(s): Durante, Federica; Fiske, Susan T.

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Abstract: Social class stereotypes support inequality through various routes: ambivalent content, early appearance in children, achievement consequences, institutionalization in education, appearance in cross-class social encounters, and prevalence in the most unequal societies. Class-stereotype content is ambivalent, describing lower-SES people both negatively (less competent, less human, more objectified), and sometimes positively, perhaps warmer than upper-SES people. Children acquire the wealth aspects of class stereotypes early, which become more nuanced with development. In school, class stereotypes advantage higher-SES students, and educational contexts institutionalize social-class distinctions. Beyond school, well-intentioned face-to-face encounters ironically draw on stereotypes to reinforce the alleged competence of higher-status people and sometimes the alleged warmth of lower-status people. Countries with more inequality show more of these ambivalent stereotypes of both lower- and higher-SES people. At a variety of levels and life stages, social-class stereotypes reinforce inequality, but constructive contact can undermine them; future efforts need to address high-status privilege and to query more heterogeneous samples.
Publication Date: Dec-2017
Electronic Publication Date: Dec-2017
Citation: Durante, Federica, Fiske, Susan T. (2017). How social-class stereotypes maintain inequality. Current Opinion in Psychology, 18: 43 - 48. doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.033
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.033
ISSN: 2352-250X
Pages: 43 - 48
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Current Opinion in Psychology
Version: Author's manuscript

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