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The First Luminous Quasars and Their Host Galaxies

Author(s): Fan, Xiaohui; Barth, Aaron; Banados, Eduardo; De Rosa, Gisella; Decarli, Roberto; et al

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Abstract: The discovery of luminous quasars at redshifts up to 7.5 demonstrates the existence of several billion M supermassive black holes (SMBHs) less than a billion years after the Big Bang. They are accompanied by intense star formation in their host galaxies, pinpointing sites of massive galaxy assembly in the early universe, while their absorption spectra reveal an increasing neutral inter- galactic medium (IGM) at the epoch of reionization. Extrapolating from the rapid evolution of the quasar density at z = 5 −7, we expect that there is only one luminous quasar powered by a billion M SMBH in the entire observable universe at z ∼9. In the next decade, new wide-field, deep near- infrared (NIR) sky surveys will push the redshift frontier to the first luminous quasars at z ∼9 −10; the combination with new deep X-ray surveys will probe fainter quasar populations that trace earlier phases of SMBH growth. The identification of these record-breaking quasars, and the measurements of their BH masses and accretion properties require sensitive spectroscopic observations with next generation of ground-based and space telescopes at NIR wavelengths. High-resolution integral-field spectroscopy at NIR, and observations at millimeter and radio wavelengths, will together provide a panchromatic view of the quasar host galaxies and their galactic environment at cosmic dawn, connecting SMBH growth with the rise of the earliest massive galaxies. Systematic surveys and multiwavelength follow-up observations of the earliest luminous quasars will strongly constrain the seeding and growth of the first SMBHs in the universe, and provide the best lines of sight to study the history of reionization.
Publication Date: 31-May-2019
Electronic Publication Date: May-2019
Citation: Fan, Xiaohui, Barth, Aaron, Banados, Eduardo, De Rosa, Gisella, Decarli, Roberto, Eilers, Anna-Christina, Farina, Emanuele Paolo, Greene, Jenny, Habouzit, Melanie, Jiang, Linhua, Jun, Hyunsung D, Koekemoer, Anton, Malhotra, Saengeeta, Mazzucchelli, Chiara, Pacucci, Fabio, Rhoads, James, Riechers, Dominik, Rigby, Jane, Shen, Yue, Simcoe, Robert A, Stern, Dan, Strauss, Michael A, Treu, Tommaso, Venemans, Bram, Vestergaard, Marianne, Volonteri, Marta, Walter, Fabian, Yang, Jinyi, Wang, Feige. (2019). The First Luminous Quasars and Their Host Galaxies. \baas, 51 (121 - 121
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society
Version: Author's manuscript

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