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Experimental discovery of a topological Weyl semimetal state in TaP

Author(s): Xu, S-Y; Belopolski, I; Sanchez, DS; Zhang, C; Chang, G; et al

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Abstract: Weyl semimetals are expected to open up new horizons in physics and materials science because they provide the first realization of Weyl fermions and exhibit protected Fermi arc surface states. However, they had been found to be extremely rare in nature. Recently, a family of compounds, consisting of tantalum arsenide, tantalum phosphide (TaP), niobium arsenide, and niobium phosphide, was predi cted as a Weyl semimetal candidates. We experimentally realize a Weyl semimetal state in TaP. Using photoemission spectroscopy, we directly observe the Weyl fermion cones and nodes in the bulk, and the Fermi arcs on the surface. Moreover, we find that the surface states show an unexpect- edly rich structure, including both topological Fermi arcs and several topologically trivial closed contours in the vi- cinity of the Weyl points, which provides a promising platform to study the interplay between topological and trivial surface states on a Weyl semimetal ’ s surface. We directly demonstrate the bulk-boundary correspondence and es- tablish the topologically nontrivial nature of the Weyl semimetal state in TaP, by resolving the net number of chiral edge modes on a closed path that encloses the Weyl node. This also provides, for the first time, an experimentally practicalapproachtodemonstratingabulkWeylfermionfro m a surface state dispersion measured in photoemission.
Publication Date: Nov-2015
Electronic Publication Date: 13-Nov-2015
Citation: Xu, S-Y, Belopolski, I, Sanchez, DS, Zhang, C, Chang, G, Guo, C, Bian, G, Yuan, Z, Lu, H, Chang, T-R, Shibayev, PP, Prokopovych, ML, Alidoust, N, Zheng, H, Lee, C-C, Huang, S-M, Sankar, R, Chou, F, Hsu, C-H, Jeng, H-T, Bansil, A, Neupert, T, Strocov, VN, Lin, H, Jia, S, Hasan, MZ. (2015). Experimental discovery of a topological Weyl semimetal state in TaP. Science Advances, 1 (10), e1501092 - e1501092. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501092
DOI: doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501092
EISSN: 2375-2548
Pages: e1501092 - e1501092
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Science Advances
Version: Author's manuscript

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