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Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: the impact of galaxy neighbours on weak lensing cosmology with IM3SHAPE

Author(s): Samuroff, S; Bridle, SL; Zuntz, J; Troxel, MA; Gruen, D; et al

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Abstract: We use a suite of simulated images based on Year 1 of the Dark Energy Survey to explore the impact of galaxy neighbours on shape measurement and shear cosmology. The HOOPOE image simulations include realistic blending, galaxy positions, and spatial variations in depth and point spread function properties. Using the IM3SHAPE maximum-likelihood shape measurement code, we identify four mechanisms by which neighbours can have a non-negligible influence on shear estimation. These effects, if ignored, would contribute a net multiplicative bias of m similar to 0.03-0.09 in the Year One of the Dark Energy Survey (DES Y1) IM3SHAPE catalogue, though the precise impact will be dependent on both the measurement code and the selection cuts applied. This can be reduced to percentage level or less by removing objects with close neighbours, at a cost to the effective number density of galaxies n(eff) of 30 per cent. We use the cosmological inference pipeline of DES Y1 to explore the cosmological implications of neighbour bias and show that omitting blending from the calibration simulation for DES Y1 would bias the inferred clustering amplitude S-8 equivalent to sigma(8)(Omega(m)/0.3)(0.5) by 2 sigma towards low values. Finally, we use the HOOPOE simulations to test the effect of neighbour-induced spatial correlations in the multiplicative bias. We find the impact on the recovered S-8 of ignoring such correlations to be subdominant to statistical error at the current level of precision.
Publication Date: Apr-2018
Electronic Publication Date: 26-Dec-2017
Citation: Samuroff, S, Bridle, SL, Zuntz, J, Troxel, MA, Gruen, D, Rollins, RP, Bernstein, GM, Eifler, TF, Huff, EM, Kacprzak, T, Krause, E, MacCrann, N, Abdalla, FB, Allam, S, Annis, J, Bechtol, K, Benoit-Levy, A, Bertin, E, Brooks, D, Buckley-Geer, E, Carnero Rosell, A, Kind, M Carrasco, Carretero, J, Crocce, M, D Andrea, CB, da Costa, LN, Davis, C, Desai, S, Doel, P, Fausti Neto, A, Flaugher, B, Fosalba, P, Frieman, J, Garcia-Bellido, J, Gerdes, DW, Gruendl, RA, Gschwend, J, Gutierrez, G, Honscheid, K, James, DJ, Jarvis, M, Jeltema, T, Kirk, D, Kuehn, K, Kuhlmann, S, Li, TS, Lima, M, Maia, MAG, March, M, Marshall, JL, Martini, P, Melchior, P, Menanteau, F, Miquel, R, Nord, B, Ogando, RLC, Plazas, A, Roodman, A, Sanchez, E, Scarpine, V, Schindler, R, Schubnell, M, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Sheldon, E, Smith, M, Soares-Santos, M, Sobreira, F, Suchyta, E, Tarle, G, Thomas, D, Tucker, DL, Collaboration, DES. (2018). Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: the impact of galaxy neighbours on weak lensing cosmology with IM3SHAPE. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 475 (4524 - 4543. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx3282
DOI: doi:10.1093/mnras/stx3282
ISSN: 0035-8711
EISSN: 1365-2966
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Pages: 4524 - 4543
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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