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|Abstract:||Cells and organelles are not homogeneous but include microcompartments that alter the spatiotemporal characteristics of cellular processes. The effects of microcompartmentation on metabolic pathways are however difficult to study experimentally. The pyrenoid is a microcompartment that is essential for a carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) that improves the photosynthetic performance of eukaryotic algae. Using Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, we obtained experimental data on photosynthesis, metabolites, and proteins in CCM-induced and CCM-suppressed cells. We then employed a computational strategy to estimate how fluxes through the Calvin-Benson cycle are compartmented between the pyrenoid and the stroma. Our model predicts that ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP), the substrate of Rubisco, and 3-phosphoglycerate (3PGA), its product, diffuse in and out of the pyrenoid, respectively, with higher fluxes in CCM-induced cells. It also indicates that there is no major diffusional barrier to metabolic flux between the pyrenoid and stroma. Our computational approach represents a stepping stone to understanding microcompartmentalized CCM in other organisms.|
|Citation:||Küken, Anika, Sommer, Frederik, Yaneva-Roder, Liliya, Mackinder, Luke C.M., Höhne, Melanie, Geimer, Stefan, Jonikas, Martin C., Schroda, Michael, Stitt, Mark, Nikoloski, Zoran, Mettler-Altmann, Tabea. (2018). Effects of microcompartmentation on flux distribution and metabolic pools in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii chloroplasts. eLife, 7, doi:10.7554/eLife.37960|
|Pages:||1 - 23|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Version:||Final published version. This is an open access article.|
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