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Nations’ Income Inequality Predicts Ambivalence in Stereotype Content: How Societies Mind the Gap

Author(s): Durante, Federica; Fiske, Susan T.; Kervyn, Nicolas; Cuddy, Amy J.C.; Akande, Adebowale Debo; et al

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Abstract: Income inequality undermines societies: the more inequality, the more health problems, social tensions, and the lower social mobility, trust, life expectancy. Given people’s tendency to legitimate existing social arrangements, the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) argues that ambivalence—perceiving many groups as either warm or competent, but not both—may help maintain socio-economic disparities. The association between stereotype ambivalence and income inequality in 37 cross-national samples from Europe, the Americas, Oceania, Asia, and Africa investigates how groups’ overall warmth-competence, status-competence, and competitionwarmth correlations vary across societies, and whether these variations associate with income inequality (Gini index). More unequal societies report more ambivalent stereotypes, while more equal ones dislike competitive groups and do not necessarily respect them as competent. Unequal societies may need ambivalence for system stability: income inequality compensates groups with partially positive social images.
Publication Date: Dec-2013
Electronic Publication Date: 5-Oct-2012
Citation: Durante, Federica, Fiske, Susan T, Kervyn, Nicolas, Cuddy, Amy JC, Akande, Adebowale Debo, Adetoun, Bolanle E, Adewuyi, Modupe F, Tserere, Magdeline M, Ramiah, Ananthi Al, Mastor, Khairul Anwar, Barlow, Fiona Kate, Bonn, Gregory, Tafarodi, Romin W, Bosak, Janine, Cairns, Ed, Doherty, Claire, Capozza, Dora, Chandran, Anjana, Chryssochoou, Xenia, Iatridis, Tilemachos, Contreras, Juan Manuel, Costa-Lopes, Rui, González, Roberto, Lewis, Janet I, Tushabe, Gerald, Leyens, Jacques-Philippe, Mayorga, Renée, Rouhana, Nadim N, Castro, Vanessa Smith, Perez, Rolando, Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa, Moya, Miguel, Morales Marente, Elena, Palacios Gálvez, Marisol, Sibley, Chris G, Asbrock, Frank, Storari, Chiara C. (2013). Nations’ Income Inequality Predicts Ambivalence in Stereotype Content: How Societies Mind the Gap. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52 (4), 726 - 746. doi:10.1111/bjso.12005
DOI: doi:10.1111/bjso.12005
ISSN: 0144-6665
Pages: 726 - 746
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: British Journal of Social Psychology
Version: Author's manuscript

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