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|Abstract:||We present the optical and X-ray properties of 68 galaxy clusters selected via the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (SZ) effect at 148 GHz by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). Our sample, from an area of 504 deg(2) centered on the celestial equator, is divided into two regions. The main region uses 270 deg(2) of the ACT survey that overlaps with the co-added ugriz imaging from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) over Stripe 82 plus additional near-infrared pointed observations with the Apache Point Observatory 3.5 m telescope. We confirm a total of 49 clusters to z approximate to 1.3, of which 22 (all at z > 0.55) are new discoveries. For the second region, the regular-depth SDSS imaging allows us to confirm 19 more clusters up to z approximate to 0.7, of which 10 systems are new. We present the optical richness, photometric redshifts, and separation between the SZ position and the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG). We find no significant offset between the cluster SZ centroid and BCG location and a weak correlation between optical richness and SZ-derived mass. We also present X-ray fluxes and luminosities from the ROSAT All Sky Survey which confirm that this is a massive sample. One of the newly discovered clusters, ACT-CL J0044.4+0113 at z = 1.1 (photometric), has an integrated XMM-Newton X-ray temperature of kT(X) = 7.9 +/- 1.0 keV and combined mass of M-200a = 8.2(-2.5)(+3.3) x 10(14) h(70)(-1) M-circle dot, placing it among the most massive and X-ray-hot clusters known at redshifts beyond z = 1. We also highlight the optically rich cluster ACT-CL J2327.4-0204 (RCS2 2327) at z = 0.705 (spectroscopic) as the most significant detection of the whole equatorial sample with a Chandra-derived mass of M-200a = 1.9(-0.4)(+0.6) x 10(15) h(70)(-1) M-circle dot, placing it in the ranks of the most massive known clusters like El Gordo and the Bullet Cluster.|
|Electronic Publication Date:||15-Feb-2013|
|Citation:||Menanteau, Felipe, Sifon, Cristobal, Felipe Barrientos, L, Battaglia, Nicholas, Bond, J Richard, Crichton, Devin, Das, Sudeep, Devlin, Mark J, Dicker, Simon, Duenner, Rolando, Gralla, Megan, Hajian, Amir, Hasselfield, Matthew, Hilton, Matt, Hincks, Adam D, Hughes, John P, Infante, Leopoldo, Kosowsky, Arthur, Marriage, Tobias A, Marsden, Danica, Moodley, Kavilan, Niemack, Michael D, Nolta, Michael R, Page, Lyman A, Partridge, Bruce, Reese, Erik D, Schmitt, Benjamin L, Sievers, Jon, Spergel, David N, Staggs, Suzanne T, Switzer, Eric, Wollack, Edward J. (2013). THE ATACAMA COSMOLOGY TELESCOPE: PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SUNYAEV-ZEL’DOVICH EFFECT CLUSTERS ON THE CELESTIAL EQUATOR. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 765 (10.1088/0004-637X/765/1/67|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL|
|Version:||Final published version. This is an open access article.|
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