Skip to main content

Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa

Author(s): Renganathan, Prithachakaran; Duffy, Thomas S; Gupta, Yogendra M

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: In contrast to relatively pure silica glass (fused silica—FS), commercial silica-rich glasses contain significant fractions of additional oxide components. In particular, soda-lime glass (SLG) consists of approximately 71% SiO2 by weight, which raises the question: what is the effect of additional cations on the shock compression response of silica-rich glasses? To address this question, plate impact experiments were conducted to determine the high-pressure Hugoniot states for shocked SLG (37 to 120 GPa) and compared with recently reported results on FS. Using laser interferometry, particle velocity profiles were measured at the impact surface and at the SLG/LiF window interface. In all experiments, the transmitted profiles show a single shock wave, with no features indicative of a phase transformation. The Hugoniot states determined from the wave profiles are described well using a linear shock velocity–particle velocity relation. Interferometry measurements (using 1550-nm wavelength laser) at the impact surface show that SLG is transparent when shocked to 55 GPa, transparent for tens of nanoseconds after impact between 55 and 81 GPa, and opaque beyond 81 GPa. From impact surface measurements, a linear relationship between the apparent and true particle velocity was observed, resulting in a linear relationship between the refractive index (at 1550 nm) and density. At 120 GPa, the SLG density is nearly twice its ambient value, indicating that SLG can achieve highly dense amorphous states. When compared to FS, shocked SLG is much less compressible and likely does not transform to a crystalline phase. A plausible explanation for this difference is suggested.
Publication Date: 27-May-2020
Citation: Renganathan, Pritha, Thomas S. Duffy, and Yogendra M. Gupta. "Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa." Journal of Applied Physics 127, no. 20 (2020). doi:10.1063/5.0010396.
DOI: doi:10.1063/5.0010396
ISSN: 0021-8979
EISSN: 1089-7550
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Applied Physics
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.