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Author(s): LaMassa, Stephanie M; Civano, Francesca; Brusa, Marcella; Stern, Daniel; Glikman, Eilat; et al

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Abstract: Capitalizing on the all-sky coverage of WISE. and the 35% and 50% sky coverage from Sloan Digital Sky Survey and Pan-STARRS, respectively, we explore the efficacy of m(R) (optical) - m(3.4 mu m) (mid-infrared), hereafter R - W1, as a color diagnostic to identify obscured supermassive black hole accretion in wide-area X-ray surveys. We use the similar to 16.5 deg(2) Stripe 82 X-ray survey data as a test. bed to compare R - W1 with R - K, an oft-used obscured active galactic nucleus (AGN) selection criterion, and examine where different classes of objects lie in this parameter space. Most stars follow a well-defined path in R - K versus R - W1 space. We demonstrate that optically normal galaxies hosting X-ray AGNs at redshifts 0.5 < z < 1 can be recovered with an R - W1 > 4 color cut, while they typically are not selected as AGNs based on their W1 - W2 colors. Additionally, different observed X-ray luminosity bins favor different regions in R - W1 parameter space: moderate-luminosity AGNs (10(43) ergs(-1) < L0.5-10 keV < 10(44) erg s(-1)) tend to have red colors, while the highest-luminosity AGNs (L0.5-10 keV > 10(45) erg s(-1)) have bluer colors; higher spectroscopic completeness of the Stripe 82X sample is needed to determine whether this is a selection effect or an intrinsic property. Finally, we parameterize X-ray obscuration of Stripe 82X AGNs by calculating their hardness ratios (HRs) and find no clear trends between HR and optical reddening. Our results will help inform best-effort practices in following. up obscured AGN candidates in current and future wide-area, shallow X-ray surveys, including the all-sky eROSITA mission.
Publication Date: 10-Feb-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 9-Feb-2016
Citation: LaMassa, Stephanie M, Civano, Francesca, Brusa, Marcella, Stern, Daniel, Glikman, Eilat, Gallagher, Sarah, Urry, C Meg, Cales, Sabrina, Cappelluti, Nico, Cardamone, Carolin, Comastri, Andrea, Farrah, Duncan, Greene, Jenny E, Komossa, S, Merloni, Andrea, Mroczkowski, Tony, Natarajan, Priyamvada, Richards, Gordon, Salvato, Mara, Schawinski, Kevin, Treister, Ezequiel. (2016). ON R-W1 AS A DIAGNOSTIC TO DISCOVER OBSCURED ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI IN WIDE-AREA X-RAY SURVEYS. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 818 (10.3847/0004-637X/818/1/88
DOI: doi:10.3847/0004-637X/818/1/88
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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