Skip to main content

Modelling high-energy pulsar light curves from first principles

Author(s): Cerutti, B; Philippov, AA; Spitkovsky, Anatoly

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: Current models of gamma-ray light curves in pulsars suffer from large uncertainties on the precise location of particle acceleration and radiation. Here, we present an attempt to alleviate these difficulties by solving for the electromagnetic structure of the oblique magnetosphere, particle acceleration, and the emission of radiation self-consistently, using 3D spherical particle-in-cell simulations. We find that the low-energy radiation is synchro-curvature radiation from the polar-cap regions within the light cylinder. In contrast, the high-energy emission is synchrotron radiation that originates exclusively from the Y-point and the equatorial current sheet where relativistic magnetic reconnection accelerates particles. In most cases, synthetic high-energy light curves contain two peaks that form when the current sheet sweeps across the observer’s line of sight.We find clear evidence of caustics in the emission pattern from the current sheet. High-obliquity solutions can present up to two additional secondary peaks from energetic particles in the wind region accelerated by the reconnection-induced flow near the current sheet. The high-energy radiative efficiency depends sensitively on the viewing angle, and decreases with increasing pulsar inclination. The high-energy emission is concentrated in the equatorial regions where most of the pulsar spin-down is released and dissipated. These results have important implications for the interpretation of gamma-ray pulsar data.
Publication Date: 10-Feb-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 11-Apr-2016
Citation: Cerutti, B, Philippov, AA, Spitkovsky, A. (2016). Modelling high-energy pulsar light curves from first principles. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 457 (3), 2401 - 2414. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw124
DOI: doi:10.1093/mnras/stw124
ISSN: 0035-8711
EISSN: 1365-2966
Pages: 2401 - 2414
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.