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Motherhood Penalties and Living Arrangements in China

Author(s): Yu, Jia; Xie, Yu

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Abstract: Past research on the "motherhood wage penalty" has all been based on data from nuclear families, leaving open the possibility that the motherhood wage penalty may be lower or even absent in multi-generational families. In this paper, the wage gap between mothers and non-mothers is examined in both nuclear and multi-generational families in the context of contemporary China, which has a long tradition of patriarchal families. Using 1993-2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey data, the magnitude and variation of motherhood penalty is explored with fixed effects models among 1,058 women. It is found that each additional child lowers hourly wages by about 12 percent. In addition, the results show that the motherhood penalty is largest for women living with husband's parents, smaller for women not living with parents, and nil for women living with their own parents.
Publication Date: Oct-2018
Citation: Yu, Jia, Xie, Yu. (2018). Motherhood Penalties and Living Arrangements in China.. Demographic Research, 80 (5), 1067 - 1086. doi:10.1111/jomf.12496
DOI: doi:10.1111/jomf.12496
ISSN: 1435-9871
EISSN: 1435-9871
Pages: 1067 - 1086
Language: eng
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Demographic Research
Version: Author's manuscript

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