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Quantifying selection in immune receptor repertoires

Author(s): Elhanati, Yuval; Murugan, Anand; Callan Jr, Curtis G; Mora, Thierry; Walczak, Aleksandra M

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Abstract: The efficient recognition of pathogens by the adaptive immune system relies on the diversity of receptors displayed at the surface of immune cells. T-cell receptor diversity results from an initial random DNA editing process, called VDJ recombination, followed by functional selection of cells according to the interaction of their surface receptors with self and foreign antigenic peptides. Using high-throughput sequence data from the beta-chain of human T-cell receptors, we infer factors that quantify the overall effect of selection on the elements of receptor sequence composition: the V and J gene choice and the length and amino acid composition of the variable region. We find a significant correlation between biases induced by VDJ recombination and our inferred selection factors together with a reduction of diversity during selection. Both effects suggest that natural selection acting on the recombination process has anticipated the selection pressures experienced during somatic evolution. The inferred selection factors differ little between donors or between naive and memory repertoires. The number of sequences shared between donors is well-predicted by our model, indicating a stochastic origin of such public sequences. Our approach is based on a probabilistic maximum likelihood method, which is necessary to disentangle the effects of selection from biases inherent in the recombination process.
Publication Date: 8-Jul-2014
Citation: Elhanati, Yuval, Murugan, Anand, Callan, Curtis G, Mora, Thierry, Walczak, Aleksandra M. (2014). Quantifying selection in immune receptor repertoires. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 (9875 - 9880. doi:10.1073/pnas.1409572111
DOI: doi:10.1073/pnas.1409572111
ISSN: 0027-8424
Pages: 9875 - 9880
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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