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The EDGE-CALIFA Survey: Variations in the Molecular Gas Depletion Time in Local Galaxies

Author(s): Utomo, Dyas; Bolatto, Alberto D; Wong, Tony; Ostriker, Eve C; Blitz, Leo; et al

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Abstract: We present results from the EDGE survey, a spatially resolved CO(1-0) follow-up to CALIFA, an optical Integral Field Unit survey of local galaxies. By combining the data products of EDGE and CALIFA, we study the variation in molecular gas depletion time (tau(dep)) on kiloparsec scales in 52 galaxies. We divide each galaxy into two parts: the center, defined as the region within 0.1 R-25, and the disk, defined as the region between 0.1 and 0.7 R-25. We find that 14 galaxies show a shorter tau(dep) (similar to 1 Gyr) in the center relative to that in the disk (tau(dep) similar to 2.4 Gyr), which means the central region in those galaxies is more efficient at forming stars per unit molecular gas mass. This finding implies that the centers with shorter tau(dep) resemble the intermediate regime between galactic disks and starburst galaxies. Furthermore, the central drop in tau(dep) is correlated with a central increase in the stellar surface density, suggesting that a shorter tau(dep) is associated with molecular gas compression by the stellar gravitational potential. We argue that varying the CO-to-H-2 conversion factor only exaggerates the central drop of tau(dep).
Publication Date: 1-Nov-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 26-Oct-2017
Citation: Utomo, Dyas, Bolatto, Alberto D, Wong, Tony, Ostriker, Eve C, Blitz, Leo, Sanchez, Sebastian F, Colombo, Dario, Leroy, Adam K, Cao, Yixian, Dannerbauer, Helmut, Garcia-Benito, Ruben, Husemann, Bernd, Kalinova, Veselina, Levy, Rebecca C, Mast, Damian, Rosolowsky, Erik, Vogel, Stuart N. (2017). The EDGE-CALIFA Survey: Variations in the Molecular Gas Depletion Time in Local Galaxies. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 849 (10.3847/1538-4357/aa88c0
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa88c0
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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