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Ramp compression of iron to 273 GPa

Author(s): Wang, Jue; Smith, Raymond F; Eggert, Jon H; Braun, Dave G; Boehly, Thomas R; et al

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Abstract: Multiple thickness Fe foils were ramp compressed over several nanoseconds to pressure conditions relevant to the Earth's core. Using wave-profile analysis, the sound speed and the stress-density response were determined to a peak longitudinal stress of 273 GPa. The measured stress-density states lie between shock compression and 300-K static data, and are consistent with relatively low temperatures being achieved in these experiments. Phase transitions generally display time-dependent material response and generate a growing shock. We demonstrate for the first time that a low-pressure phase transformation (α-Fe to ε-Fe) can be overdriven by an initial steady shock to avoid both the time-dependent response and the growing shock that has previously limited ramp-wave-loading experiments. In addition, the initial steady shock pre-compresses the Fe and allows different thermodynamic compression paths to be explored.
Publication Date: 11-Jul-2013
Citation: Wang, Jue, Raymond F. Smith, Jon H. Eggert, Dave G. Braun, Thomas R. Boehly, J. Reed Patterson, Peter M. Celliers, Raymond Jeanloz, Gilbert W. Collins, and Thomas S. Duffy. "Ramp compression of iron to 273 GPa." Journal of Applied Physics 114, no. 2 (2013): 023513. doi:10.1063/1.4813091.
DOI: doi:10.1063/1.4813091
ISSN: 0021-8979
EISSN: 1089-7550
Pages: 023513
Language: English
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Applied Physics
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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