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Cognitive control predicts use of model-based reinforcement learning.

Author(s): Otto, A. Ross; Skatova, Anya; Madlon-Kay, Seth; Daw, Nathaniel D.

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Abstract: Accounts of decision-making and its neural substrates have long posited the operation of separate, competing valuation systems in the control of choice behavior. Recent theoretical and experimental work suggest that this classic distinction between behaviorally and neurally dissociable systems for habitual and goal-directed (or more generally, automatic and controlled) choice may arise from two computational strategies for reinforcement learning (RL), called model-free and model-based RL, but the cognitive or computational processes by which one system may dominate over the other in the control of behavior is a matter of ongoing investigation. To elucidate this question, we leverage the theoretical framework of cognitive control, demonstrating that individual differences in utilization of goal-related contextual information--in the service of overcoming habitual, stimulus-driven responses--in established cognitive control paradigms predict model-based behavior in a separate, sequential choice task. The behavioral correspondence between cognitive control and model-based RL compellingly suggests that a common set of processes may underpin the two behaviors. In particular, computational mechanisms originally proposed to underlie controlled behavior may be applicable to understanding the interactions between model-based and model-free choice behavior.
Publication Date: Feb-2015
Citation: Otto, A Ross, Skatova, Anya, Madlon-Kay, Seth, Daw, Nathaniel D. (2015). Cognitive control predicts use of model-based reinforcement learning. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27 (2), 319 - 333. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00709
DOI: doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00709
ISSN: 0898-929X
EISSN: 1530-8898
Pages: 319 - 333
Language: eng
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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