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Yukawa conformal field theories and emergent supersymmetry

Author(s): Fei, Lin; Giombi, Simone; Klebanov, Igor R; Tarnopolsky, Grigory

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Abstract: We study conformal field theories (CFTs) with Yukawa interactions in dimensions between 2 and 4; they provide UV completions of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio and Gross-Neveu models which have four-fermion interactions. We compute the sphere free energy and certain operator scaling dimensions using dimensional continuation. In the Gross-Neveu CFT with N fermion degrees of freedom we obtain the first few terms in the 4-epsilon expansion using the Gross-Neveu-Yukawa model, and the first few terms in the 2 + epsilon expansion using the four-fermion interaction. We then apply Pade approximants to produce estimates in d = 3. For N = 1, which corresponds to one two-component Majorana fermion, it has been suggested that the Yukawa theory flows to an N = 1 supersymmetric CFT. We provide new evidence that the 4 - epsilon expansion of the N = 1 Gross-Neveu-Yukawa model respects the supersymmetry. Our extrapolations to d = 3 appear to be in good agreement with the available results obtained using the numerical conformal bootstrap. Continuation of this CFT to d = 2 provides evidence that the Yukawa theory flows to the tri-critical Ising model. We apply a similar approach to calculate the sphere free energy and operator scaling dimensions in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio-Yukawa model, which has an additional U(1) global symmetry. For N = 2, which corresponds to one two-component Dirac fermion, this theory has an emergent supersymmetry with four supercharges, and we provide new evidence for this.
Publication Date: Dec-2016
Electronic Publication Date: 9-Nov-2016
Citation: Fei, Lin, Giombi, Simone, Klebanov, Igor R, Tarnopolsky, Grigory. (2016). Yukawa conformal field theories and emergent supersymmetry. PROGRESS OF THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS, 10.1093/ptep/ptw120
DOI: doi:10.1093/ptep/ptw120
ISSN: 2050-3911
Pages: ptw120-1 - ptw120-32
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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