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Spectral Energy Distributions of Companion Galaxies to z approx 6 Quasars

Author(s): Mazzucchelli, C; Decarli, R; Farina, EP; Ba nados, E; Venemans, BP; et al

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Abstract: Massive, quiescent galaxies are already observed at redshift z∼4, i.e., ∼1.5 Gyr after the big bang. Current models predict them to be formed via massive, gas-rich mergers at z>6. Recent ALMA observations of the cool gas and dust in z6 quasars have discovered [C II]- and far-infrared-bright galaxies adjacent to several quasars. In this work, we present sensitive imaging and spectroscopic follow-up observations, with HST/WFC3, Spitzer/IRAC, VLT/MUSE, Magellan/FIRE, and LBT/LUCI-MODS, of ALMA-detected, dust-rich companion galaxies of four quasars at z6, specifically acquired to probe their stellar content and unobscured star formation rate. Three companion galaxies do not show significant emission in the observed optical/IR wavelength range. The photometric limits suggest that these galaxies are highly dust-enshrouded, with unobscured star formation rates SFRUV <few Meyr−1, and a stellar content of M*<1010 Meyr−1. However, the companion to PJ167−13 shows bright rest-frame UV emission (F140W AB=25.48). Its spectral energy distribution resembles that of a star-forming galaxy with a total SFR∼50 Meyr−1 and M*∼9×109 Me. All the companion sources are consistent with residing on the galaxy main sequence at z∼6. Additional, deeper data from future facilities, such as the James Webb Space Telescope, are needed in order to characterize these gas-rich sources in the first gigayear of cosmic history.
Publication Date: 23-Aug-2019
Electronic Publication Date: 20-Aug-2019
Citation: Mazzucchelli, C, Decarli, R, Farina, EP, Ba nados, E, Venemans, BP, Strauss, MA, Walter, F, Neeleman, M, Bertoldi, F, Fan, X, Riechers, D, Rix, H-W, Wang, R. (2019). Spectral Energy Distributions of Companion Galaxies to z \ensuremath\sim 6 Quasars. \apj, 881 (163 - 163. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab2f75
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab2f75
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Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Astrophysical Journal
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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