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Polarity protein Par3/Bazooka follows myosin-dependent junction repositioning.

Author(s): Weng, Mo; Wieschaus, Eric

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Abstract: The polarity protein Par3/Bazooka (Baz) has been established as a central component of the apical basal polarity system that determines the position of cell-cell junctions in epithelial cells. Consistent with that view, we show that shortly before gastrulation in Drosophila, Baz protein in the mesoderm is down-regulated from junctional sites in response to Snail (Sna) expression. This down-regulation leads to a specific decrease in adherens junctions without affecting other ECadherin pools. However, we further show that, interactions between Baz and junctions are not unidirectional. During apical constriction and the internalization of the mesoderm, downregulation of Baz is transiently blocked as adherens junctions shift apically and are strengthened in response to tension generated by contractile actomyosin. When such junction remodeling is prevented by down-regulating myosin, Baz is lost prematurely in mesodermal epithelium. During such apical shifts, Baz is initially left behind as the junction shifts position, but then reaccumulates at the new location of the junctions. On the dorsal side of the embryo, a similar pattern of myosin activity appears to limit the basal shift in junctions normally driven by Baz that controls epithelium folding. Our results suggest a model where the sensitivity of Baz to Sna expression leads to the Sna-dependent junction disassembly required for a complete epitheliummesenchymal transition. Meanwhile this loss of Baz-dependent junction maintenance is countered by the myosin-based mechanism which promotes an apical shift and strengthening of junctions accompanied by a transient re-positioning and maintenance of Baz proteins.
Publication Date: 15-Feb-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 5-Jan-2017
Citation: Weng, Mo, Wieschaus, Eric. (2017). Polarity protein Par3/Bazooka follows myosin-dependent junction repositioning.. Developmental biology, 422 (2), 125 - 134. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2017.01.001
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2017.01.001
ISSN: 0012-1606
EISSN: 1095-564X
Pages: 125 - 134
Language: eng
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Developmental biology
Version: Author's manuscript

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