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Combining fMRI and behavioral measures to examine the process of human learning

Author(s): Karuza, Elisabeth A.; Emberson, Lauren L.; Aslin, Richard N.

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Abstract: Prior to the advent of fMRI, the primary means of examining the mechanisms underlying learning were restricted to studying human behavior and non-human neural systems. However, recent advances in neuroimaging technology have enabled the concurrent study of human behavior and neural activity. We propose that the integration of behavioral response with brain activity provides a powerful method of investigating the process through which internal representations are formed or changed. Nevertheless, a review of the literature reveals that many fMRI studies of learning either (1) focus on outcome rather than process or (2) are built on the untested assumption that learning unfolds uniformly over time. We discuss here various challenges faced by the field and highlight studies that have begun to address them. In doing so, we aim to encourage more research that examines the process of learning by considering the interrelation of behavioral measures and fMRI recording during learning.
Publication Date: Mar-2014
Citation: Karuza, Elisabeth A, Emberson, Lauren L, Aslin, Richard N. (2014). Combining fMRI and behavioral measures to examine the process of human learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 109 (193 - 206). doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2013.09.012
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2013.09.012
ISSN: 1074-7427
Pages: 193 - 206
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Version: Author's manuscript

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