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Author(s): Lubetzky, Eyal; Sly, Allan M.

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Abstract: On any locally-finite geometry, the stochastic Ising model is known to be contractive when the inverse-temperature beta is small enough, via classical results of Dobrushin and of Holley in the 1970s. By a general principle proposed by Peres, the dynamics is then expected to exhibit cutoff. However, so far cutoff for the Ising model has been confirmed mainly for lattices, heavily relying on amenability and log Sobolev inequalities. Without these, cutoff was unknown at any fixed beta > 0, no matter how small, even in basic examples such as the Ising model on a binary tree or a random regular graph. We use the new framework of information percolation to show that, in any geometry, there is cutoff for the Ising model at high enough temperatures. Precisely, on any sequence of graphs with maximum degree d, the Ising model has cutoff provided that beta < kappa/d for some absolute constant kappa (a result which, up to the value of kappa, is best possible). Moreover, the cutoff location is established as the time at which the sum of squared magnetizations drops to 1, and the cutoff window is O(1), just as when beta = 0. Finally, the mixing time from almost every initial state is not more than a factor of 1 + epsilon beta faster then the worst one (with epsilon beta -> 0 as beta -> 0), whereas the uniform starting state is at least 2 - epsilon beta times faster.
Publication Date: Nov-2017
Citation: Lubetzky, Eyal, Sly, Allan. (2017). UNIVERSALITY OF CUTOFF FOR THE ISING MODEL. ANNALS OF PROBABILITY, 45 (3664 - 3696). doi:10.1214/16-AOP1146
DOI: doi:10.1214/16-AOP1146
ISSN: 0091-1798
Pages: 3664 - 3696
Language: English
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ANNALS OF PROBABILITY
Version: Author's manuscript

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