Skip to main content

Atacama Cosmology Telescope: Combined kinematic and thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich measurements from BOSS CMASS and LOWZ halos

Author(s): Schaan, Emmanuel; Ferraro, Simone; Amodeo, Stefania; Battaglia, Nicholas; Aiola, Simone; et al

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: The scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons off the free-electron gas in galax- ies and clusters leaves detectable imprints on high resolution CMB maps: the thermal and kine- matic Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effects (tSZ and kSZ respectively). We use combined microwave maps from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) DR5 and Planck in combination with the CMASS (mean redshift 〈z〉 = 0.55 and host halo mass 〈Mvir〉 = 3 × 1013M ) and LOWZ (〈z〉 = 0.31, 〈Mvir〉 = 5 × 1013M ) galaxy catalogs from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS DR10 and DR12), to study the gas associated with these galaxy groups. Using individual recon- structed velocities, we perform a stacking analysis and reject the no-kSZ hypothesis at 6.5 σ, the highest significance to date. This directly translates into a measurement of the electron number density profile, and thus of the gas density profile. Despite the limited signal to noise, the mea- surement shows at high significance that the gas density profile is more extended than the dark matter density profile, for any reasonable baryon abundance (formally > 90 σ for the cosmic baryon abundance). We simultaneously measure the tSZ signal, i.e. the electron thermal pressure profile of the same CMASS objects, and reject the no-tSZ hypothesis at 10 σ. We combine tSZ and kSZ measurements to estimate the electron temperature to 20% precision in several aperture bins, and find it comparable to the virial temperature. In a companion paper, we analyze these measure- ments to constrain the gas thermodynamics and the properties of feedback inside galaxy groups. We present the corresponding LOWZ measurements in this paper, ruling out a null kSZ (tSZ) signal at 2.9 (13.9) σ, and leave their interpretation to future work. This paper and the companion paper demonstrate that current CMB experiments can detect and resolve gas profiles in low mass halos and at high redshifts, which are the most sensitive to feedback in galaxy formation and the most difficult to measure any other way. They will be a crucial input to cosmological hydrodynamical simulations, thus improving our understanding of galaxy formation. These precise gas profiles are already sufficient to reduce the main limiting theoretical systematic in galaxy-galaxy lensing: bary- onic uncertainties. Future such measurements will thus unleash the statistical power of weak lensing from the Rubin, Euclid and Roman observatories. Our stacking software ThumbStacka is publicly available and directly applicable to future Simons Observatory and CMB-S4 data.
Publication Date: 15-Mar-2021
Electronic Publication Date: 15-Mar-2021
Citation: Schaan, Emmanuel, Ferraro, Simone, Amodeo, Stefania, Battaglia, Nicholas, Aiola, Simone, Austermann, Jason E, Beall, James A, Bean, Rachel, Becker, Daniel T, Bond, Richard J, Calabrese, Erminia, Calafut, Victoria, Choi, Steve K, Denison, Edward V, Devlin, Mark J, Duff, Shannon M, Duivenvoorden, Adriaan J, Dunkley, Jo, Dünner, Rolando, Gallardo, Patricio A, Guan, Yilun, Han, Dongwon, Hill, J Colin, Hilton, Gene C, Hilton, Matt, Hložek, Renée, Hubmayr, Johannes, Huffenberger, Kevin M, Hughes, John P, Koopman, Brian J, MacInnis, Amanda, McMahon, Jeff, Madhavacheril, Mathew S, Moodley, Kavilan, Mroczkowski, Tony, Naess, Sigurd, Nati, Federico, Newburgh, Laura B, Niemack, Michael D, Page, Lyman A, Partridge, Bruce, Salatino, Maria, Sehgal, Neelima, Schillaci, Alessandro, Sifón, Cristóbal, Smith, Kendrick M, Spergel, David N, Staggs, Suzanne, Storer, Emilie R, Trac, Hy, Ullom, Joel N, Van Lanen, Jeff, Vale, Leila R, van Engelen, Alexander, Magaña, Mariana Vargas, Vavagiakis, Eve M, Wollack, Edward J, Xu, Zhilei. (Atacama Cosmology Telescope: Combined kinematic and thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich measurements from BOSS CMASS and LOWZ halos. Physical Review D, 103 (6), 10.1103/physrevd.103.063513
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevd.103.063513
ISSN: 2470-0010
EISSN: 2470-0029
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review D
Version: Author's manuscript

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.