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Future CMB tests of dark matter: Ultralight axions and massive neutrinos

Author(s): Hlozek, Renee; Marsh, David JE; Grin, Daniel; Allison, Rupert; Dunkley, Jo; et al

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Abstract: Measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies provide strong evidence for the existence of dark matter and dark energy. They can also test its composition, probing the energy density and particle mass of different dark-matter and dark-energy components. CMB data have already shown that ultralight axions (ULAs) with mass in the range 10(-3)2 eV -> 10(-26) eV compose a fraction less than or similar to 0.01 of the cosmological critical density. The next Stage-IV CMB experiment (CMB-S4) (assuming a 1 arcmin beam and similar to 1 mu K-arcmin noise levels over a sky fraction of 0.4) to the density of ULAs and other dark-sector components is assessed. CMB-S4 data should be similar to 10 times more sensitive to the ULA energy density than Planck data alone, across a wide range of ULA masses 10(-32) less than or similar to m(a) less than or similar to 10(-23) eV, and will probe axion decay constants of f(a) approximate to 10(16) GeV, at the grand unified scale. CMB-S4 could improve the CMB lower bound on the ULA mass from similar to 10(-25) eV to 10(-23) eV, nearing the mass range probed by dwarf galaxy abundances and dark-matter halo density profiles. These improvements will allow for a multi-sigma detection of percentlevel departures from CDM over a wide range of masses. Much of this improvement is driven by the effects of weak gravitational lensing on the CMB, which breaks degeneracies between ULAs and neutrinos. We also find that the addition of ULA parameters does not significantly degrade the sensitivity of the CMB to neutrino masses. These results were obtained using the (AXION)CAMB code (a modification to the CAMB Boltzmann code), presented here for public use.
Publication Date: 15-Jun-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 8-Jun-2017
Citation: Hlozek, Renee, Marsh, David JE, Grin, Daniel, Allison, Rupert, Dunkley, Jo, Calabrese, Erminia. (2017). Future CMB tests of dark matter: Ultralight axions and massive neutrinos. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 95 (10.1103/PhysRevD.95.123511
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.123511
ISSN: 2470-0010
EISSN: 2470-0029
Language: English
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW D
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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