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|Abstract:||The following paper details the design for the CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Telescope Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). PFS is designed to gather spectra from 2394 objects simultaneously, covering wavelengths that extend from 380 nm to 1260 nm. The spectrograph is comprised of four identical spectrograph modules, each collecting roughly 600 spectra. The spectrograph modules provide simultaneous wavelength coverage over the entire band through the use of three separate optical channels: blue, red, and near infrared (NIR). A camera in each channel images the multi-object spectra onto a 4k x 4k, 15 um pixel, detector format. The two visible cameras use a pair of Hamamatsu 2k x 4k CCDs with readout provided by custom electronics, while the NIR camera uses a single Teledyne HgCdTe 4k x 4k detector and Teledyne’s ASIC Sidecar to read the device. The CCD readout system is a custom design comprised of three electrical subsystems - the Back End Electronics (BEE), the Front End Electronics (FEE), and a Pre-amplifier. The BEE is an off-the-shelf PC104 computer, with an auxiliary Xilinx FPGA module. The computer serves as the main interface to the Subaru messaging hub and controls other peripheral devices associated with the camera, while the FPGA is used to generate the necessary clocks and transfer image data from the CCDs. The FEE board sets clock biases, substrate bias, and CDS offsets. It also monitors bias voltages, offset voltages, power rail voltage, substrate voltage and CCD temperature. The board translates LVDS clock signals to biased clocks and returns digitized analog data via LVDS. Monitoring and control messages are sent from the BEE to the FEE using a standard serial interface. The Pre-amplifier board resides behind the detectors and acts as an interface to the two Hamamatsu CCDs. The Pre-amplifier passes clocks and biases to the CCDs, and analog CCD data is buffered and amplified prior to being returned to the FEE. In this paper we describe the detailed design of the PFS CCD readout electronics and discuss current status of the design, preliminary performance, and proposed enhancements.|
|Citation:||Hope, Stephen C, Gunn, James E, Loomis, Craig P, Fitzgeral, Roger E, Peacock, Grant O. (2014). CCD Readout Electronics for the Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph.. HIGH ENERGY, OPTICAL, AND INFRARED DETECTORS FOR ASTRONOMY VI, 9154 (10.1117/12.2057166|
|Type of Material:||Conference Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||HIGH ENERGY, OPTICAL, AND INFRARED DETECTORS FOR ASTRONOMY VI|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
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