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Correlation function of spin noise due to atomic diffusion

Author(s): Lucivero, VG; McDonough, ND; Dural, N; Romalis, Michael V

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Abstract: We use paramagnetic Faraday rotation to study spin noise spectrum from unpolarized Rb vapor in a tightly focused probe beam in the presence of N-2 buffer gas. We derive an analytical form for the diffusion component of the spin noise time-correlation function in a Gaussian probe beam. We also obtain analytical forms for the frequency spectrum of the spin noise in the limit of a tightly focused or a collimated Gaussian beam in the presence of diffusion. In particular, we find that in a tightly focused probe beam the spectral line shape can be independent of the buffer gas pressure. Experimentally, we find good agreement between the calculated and the measured spin noise spectra for N(2 )gas pressures ranging from 56 to 820 Torr.
Publication Date: Dec-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 4-Dec-2017
Citation: Lucivero, VG, McDonough, ND, Dural, N, Romalis, MV. (2017). Correlation function of spin noise due to atomic diffusion. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 96 (10.1103/PhysRevA.96.062702
DOI: doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.96.062702
ISSN: 2469-9926
EISSN: 2469-9934
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

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