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Transit Confirmation and Improved Stellar and Planet Parameters for the Super-Earth HD 97658 b and its Host Star

Author(s): Van Grootel, V; Gillon, M; Valencia, D; Madhusudhan, N; Dragomir, D; et al

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Abstract: Super-Earths transiting nearby bright stars are key objects that simultaneously allow for accurate measurements of both their mass and radius, providing essential constraints on their internal composition. We present here the confirmation, based on Spitzer transit observations, that the super-Earth HD 97658 b transits its host star. HD 97658is a low-mass (M∗=0.77±0.05M ) K1 dwarf, as determined from the Hipparcos parallax and stellar evolution modeling. To constrain the planet parameters, we carry out Bayesian global analyses of Keck–High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (Keck-HIRES) radial velocities and Microvariability and Oscillations of STars (MOST) and Spitze rphotometry. HD 97658 b is a massive (MP=7.55+0.83−0.79M⊕) and large (RP=2.247+0.098−0.095R⊕at 4.5μm) super-Earth. We investigate the possible internal compositions for HD 97658 b. Our results indicate a large rocky component, of at least 60% by mass, and very little H–He components, at most 2% by mass. We also discuss how future asteroseismic observations can improve the knowledge of the HD 97658 system, in particular by constraining its age. Orbiting a bright host star, HD 97658 b will be a key target for upcoming space missions such as the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), the Characterizing Exoplanet Satellite (CHEOPS), the Planetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO), and the James Webb Space Telescope to characterize thoroughly its structure and atmosphere.
Publication Date: 1-May-2014
Electronic Publication Date: 8-Apr-2014
Citation: Van Grootel, V, Gillon, M, Valencia, D, Madhusudhan, N, Dragomir, D, Howe, AR, Burrows, AS, Demory, B-O, Deming, D, Ehrenreich, D, Lovis, C, Mayor, M, Pepe, F, Queloz, D, Scuflaire, R, Seager, S, Segransan, D, Udry, S. (2014). Transit Confirmation and Improved Stellar and Planet Parameters for the Super-Earth HD 97658 b and its Host Star. apj, 786 (2 - 2. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/786/1/2
DOI: doi:10.1088/0004-637X/786/1/2
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Astrophysical Journal
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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