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Sixfold excitations in electrides

Author(s): Nie, Simin; Bernevig, Bogdan A.; Wang, Zhijun

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Abstract: Due to the lack of full rotational symmetry in condensed matter physics, solids exhibit new excitations beyond Dirac and Weyl fermions, of which the six-fold excitations have attracted considerable interest owing to the presence of the maximum degeneracy in bosonic systems. Here, we propose that a single linear dispersive six-fold excitation can be found in the electride Li12Mg3Si4 and its derivatives. The six-fold excitation is formed by the floating bands of elementary band representation— A@12a — originating from the excess electrons centered at the vacancies (i.e., the 12a Wyckoff sites). There exists a unique topological bulk-surface-edge correspondence for the spinless six-fold excitation, resulting in trivial surface ‘Fermi arcs’ but nontrivial hinge arcs. All energetically-gapped kz -slices belong to a two-dimensional (2D) higher-order topological insulating phase, which is protected by a combined symmetry T ˜S4z and characterized by a quantized fractional corner charge Qcorner = 3|e|4 . Consequently, the hinge arcs are obtained in the hinge spectra of the ˜S4z -symmetric rod structure. The state with a single six-fold excitation, stabilized by both nonsymmorphic crystalline symmetries and time-reversal symmetry, is located at the phase boundary and can be driven into various topologically distinct phases by explicit breaking of symmetries, making these electrides promising platforms for the systematic studies of different topological phases.
Publication Date: 22-Mar-2021
DOI: doi:10.1103/physrevresearch.3.l012028
EISSN: 2643-1564
Language: en
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Physical Review Research
Version: Author's manuscript

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