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Superclustering with the Atacama Cosmology Telescope and Dark Energy Survey. I. Evidence for Thermal Energy Anisotropy Using Oriented Stacking

Author(s): Lokken, M; Hložek, R; Engelen, A van; Madhavacheril, M; Baxter, E; et al

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Abstract: The cosmic web contains filamentary structure on a wide range of scales. On the largest scales, superclustering aligns multiple galaxy clusters along intercluster bridges, visible through their thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich signal in the cosmic microwave background. We demonstrate a new, flexible method to analyze the hot gas signal from multiscale extended structures. We use a Compton y-map from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) stacked on redMaPPer cluster positions from the optical Dark Energy Survey (DES). Cutout images from the y-map are oriented with large-scale structure information from DES galaxy data such that the superclustering signal is aligned before being overlaid. We find evidence of an extended quadrupole moment of the stacked y signal at the 3.5σ level, demonstrating that the large-scale thermal energy surrounding galaxy clusters is anisotropically distributed. We compare our ACT × DES results with the Buzzard simulations, finding broad agreement. Using simulations, we highlight the promise of this novel technique for constraining the evolution of anisotropic, non-Gaussian structure using future combinations of microwave and optical surveys
Publication Date: 8-Jul-2022
Electronic Publication Date: 8-Jul-2022
Citation: Lokken, M, Hložek, R, Engelen, A van, Madhavacheril, M, Baxter, E, DeRose, J, Doux, C, Pandey, S, Rykoff, ES, Stein, G, To, C, Abbott, TMC, Adhikari, S, Aguena, M, Allam, S, Andrade-Oliveira, F, Annis, J, Battaglia, N, Bernstein, GM, Bertin, E, Bond, JR, Brooks, D, Calabrese, E, Rosell, A Carnero, Kind, M Carrasco, Carretero, J, Cawthon, R, Choi, A, Costanzi, M, Crocce, M, Costa, LN da, Pereira, ME da Silva, Vicente, J De, Desai, S, Dietrich, JP, Doel, P, Dunkley, J, Everett, S, Evrard, AE, Ferraro, S, Flaugher, B, Fosalba, P, Frieman, J, Gallardo, PA, García-Bellido, J, Gaztanaga, E, Gerdes, DW, Giannantonio, T, Gruen, D, Gruendl, RA, Gschwend, J, Gutierrez, G, Hill, JC, Hilton, M, Hincks, AD, Hinton, SR, Hollowood, DL, Honscheid, K, Hoyle, B, Huang, Z, Hughes, JP, Huterer, D, Jain, B, James, DJ, Jeltema, T, Kuehn, K, Lima, M, Maia, MAG, Marshall, JL, McMahon, J, Melchior, P, Menanteau, F, Miquel, R, Mohr, JJ, Moodley, K, Morgan, R, Nati, F, Page, L, Ogando, RLC, Palmese, A, Paz-Chinchón, F, Malagón, AA Plazas, Pieres, A, Romer, AK, Rozo, E, Sanchez, E, Scarpine, V, Schillaci, A, Schubnell, M, Serrano, S, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Sheldon, E, Shin, T, Sifón, C, Smith, M, Soares-Santos, M, Suchyta, E, Swanson, MEC, Tarle, G, Thomas, D, Tucker, DL, Varga, TN, Weller, J, Wechsler, RH, Wilkinson, RD, Wollack, EJ, Xu, Z. (2022). Superclustering with the Atacama Cosmology Telescope and Dark Energy Survey. I. Evidence for Thermal Energy Anisotropy Using Oriented Stacking. The Astrophysical Journal, 933 (2), 134 - 134. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac7043
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac7043
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
Pages: 134-
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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