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A new form of (unexpected) Dirac fermions in the strongly-correlated cerium monopnictides

Author(s): Alidoust, Nasser; Alexandradinata, A; Xu, Su-Yang; Belopolski, Ilya; Kushwaha, Satya K.; et al

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Abstract: Discovering Dirac fermions with novel properties has become an important front in condensed matter and materials sciences. Here, we report the observation of unusual Dirac fermion states in a strongly-correlated electron setting, which are uniquely distinct from those of graphene and conventional topological insulators. In strongly-correlated cerium monopnictides, we find two sets of highly anisotropic Dirac fermions that interpenetrate each other with negligible hybridization, and show a peculiar four-fold degeneracy where their Dirac nodes overlap. Despite the lack of protection by crystalline or time-reversal symmetries, this four-fold degeneracy is robust across magnetic phase transitions. Comparison of these experimental findings with our theoretical calculations suggests that the observed surface Dirac fermions arise from bulk band inversions at an odd number of high-symmetry points, which is analogous to the band topology which describes a $\mathbb{Z}_{2}$-topological phase. Our findings open up an unprecedented and long-sought-for platform for exploring novel Dirac fermion physics in a strongly-correlated semimetal.
Publication Date: 2016
Citation: Alidoust, Nasser, Alexandradinata, A, Xu, Su-Yang, Belopolski, Ilya, Kushwaha, Satya K, Zeng, Minggang, Neupane, Madhab, Bian, Guang, Liu, Chang, Sanchez, Daniel S, Shibayev, Pavel P, Zheng, Hao, Fu, Liang, Bansil, Arun, Lin, Hsin, Cava, Robert J, Hasan, M Zahid. (A new form of (unexpected) Dirac fermions in the strongly-correlated cerium monopnictides
Pages: 1 - 16
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title:
Version: Author's manuscript

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