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Short-Term Integration of Cdc25 Dynamics Controls Mitotic Entry during Drosophila Gastrulation

Author(s): Di Talia, Stefano; Wieschaus, Eric F

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Abstract: Cells commit to mitosis by abruptly activating the mitotic cyclin-Cdk complexes. During Drosophila gastrulation, mitosis is associated with the transcriptional activation of cdc25 string , a phosphatase that activates Cdk1. Here, we demonstrate that the switch-like entry into mitosis observed in the Drosophila embryo during the 14th mitotic cycle is timed by the dynamics of Cdc25string accumulation. The switch operates as a short-term integrator, a property that can improve the reliable control of timing of mitosis. The switch is independent of the positive feedback between Cdk1 and Cdc25string and of the double negative feedback between Cdk1 and Wee1. We propose that the properties of the mitotic switch are established by the out-ofequilibrium properties of the covalent modification cycle controlling Cdk1 activity. Such covalent modification cycles, triggered by transcriptional expression of the activating enzymes, might be a widespread strategy to obtain reliable and switch-like control of cell decisions.
Publication Date: 17-Apr-2012
Electronic Publication Date: 5-Apr-2012
Citation: Di Talia, Stefano, Wieschaus, Eric F. (2012). Short-Term Integration of Cdc25 Dynamics Controls Mitotic Entry during Drosophila Gastrulation. Developmental Cell, 22 (4), 763 - 774. doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2012.01.019
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.devcel.2012.01.019
ISSN: 1534-5807
Pages: 763 - 774
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Developmental Cell
Version: Author's manuscript

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