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Axonal spread of neuroinvasive viral infections

Author(s): Taylor, Matthew P; Enquist, Lynn W.

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Abstract: Neuroinvasive viral infections invade the nervous system, often eliciting serious disease and death. Members of four viral families are both neuroinvasive and capable of transmitting progeny virions or virion components within long neuronal extensions known as axons. Axons provide physical structures to spread of viral infection within the host while avoiding extracellular immune responses. Technological advances in analysis of in vivo neural circuits, neuronal culturing, and live imaging of fluorescent fusion proteins have enabled an unprecedented view into the steps of virion assembly, transport, and egress involved in axonal spread. In this review, we will summarize the literature supporting anterograde (axon to cell) spread of viral infection, describe the various strategies of virion transport, and discuss the effects of spread on populations of neuroinvasive viruses.
Publication Date: May-2015
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.tim.2015.01.002
ISSN: 0966-842X
Keywords: neuron, axon, anterograde directed spread, alphaherpes virus, rhabdovirus, picornavirus, flavivirus
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Trends in Microbiology
Version: Author's manuscript

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