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|Abstract:||We estimate habit formation in voting-the effect of past on current turnout-by exploiting transitory voting cost shocks. Using countylevel data on US presidential elections from 1952-2012, we find that rainfall on current and past election days reduces voter turnout. Our estimates imply that a 1-point decrease in past turnout lowers current turnout by 0.6-1.0 points. Further analyses suggest that habit formation operates by reinforcing the direct consumption value of voting and that our estimates may be amplified by social spillovers.|
|Citation:||Fujiwara, T, Meng, K, Vogl, T. (2016). Habit formation in voting: Evidence from rainy elections. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 8 (4), 160 - 188. doi:10.1257/app.20140533|
|Pages:||160 - 188|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||American Economic Journal: Applied Economics|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
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