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Warm Spitzer and Palomar Near-IR Secondary Eclipse Photometry of Two Hot Jupiters: WASP-48b and HAT-P-23b

Author(s): O Rourke, Joseph G; Knutson, Heather A; Zhao, Ming; Fortney, Jonathan J; Burrows, Adam S; et al

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Abstract: We report secondary eclipse photometry of two hot Jupiters, WASP-48b and HAT-P-23b, at 3.6 and 4.5μm taken with the InfraRed Array Camera aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope during the warm Spitzer mission and in the H and KS bands with the Wide Field IR Camera at the Palomar 200 inch Hale Telescope. WASP-48b and HAT-P-23bare Jupiter-mass and twice Jupiter-mass objects orbiting an old, slightly evolved F star and an early G dwarf star,respectively. In the H,KS,3.6μm, and 4.5μm bands, respectively, we measure secondary eclipse depths of 0.047%±0.016%, 0.109%±0.027%, 0.176%±0.013%, and 0.214%±0.020% for WASP-48b. In the KS,3.6μm, and4.5μm bands, respectively, we measure secondary eclipse depths of 0.234%±0.046%, 0.248%±0.019%, and0.309%±0.026% for HAT-P-23b. For WASP-48b and HAT-P-23b, respectively, we measure delays of 2.6±3.9 minutes and 4.0±2.4 minutes relative to the predicted times of secondary eclipse for circular orbits, placing 2σ upper limits on |ecosω| of 0.0053 and 0.0080, both of which are consistent with circular orbits. The dayside emission spectra of these planets are well-described by blackbodies with effective temperatures of 2158±100 K(WASP-48b) and 2154±90 K (HAT-P-23b), corresponding to moderate recirculation in the zero albedo case.Our measured eclipse depths are also consistent with one-dimensional radiative transfer models featuring varying degrees of recirculation and weak thermal inversions or no inversions at all. We discuss how the absence of strong temperature inversions on these planets may be related to the activity levels and metallicities of their host stars.
Publication Date: 1-Feb-2014
Electronic Publication Date: 15-Jan-2014
Citation: O Rourke, Joseph G, Knutson, Heather A, Zhao, Ming, Fortney, Jonathan J, Burrows, Adam, Agol, Eric, Deming, Drake, Désert, Jean-Michel, Howard, Andrew W, Lewis, Nikole K, Showman, Adam P, Todorov, Kamen O. (2014). Warm Spitzer and Palomar Near-IR Secondary Eclipse Photometry of Two Hot Jupiters: WASP-48b and HAT-P-23b. apj, 781 (109 - 109. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/109
DOI: doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/109
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Astrophysical Journal
Version: Final published version. This is an open access article.

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