# On the number of cubic orders of bounded discriminant having automorphism group C-3, and related problems

## Author(s): Bhargava, Manjul; Shnidman, Ariel

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Abstract: | For a binary quadratic form Q , we consider the action of SO Q on a 2-dimensional vector space. This representation yields perhaps the simplest nontrivial example of a prehomogeneous vector space that is not irreducible, and of a coregular space whose underlying group is not semisimple. We show that the nondegen- erate integer orbits of this representation are in natural bijection with orders in cubic fields having a fixed “lattice shape”. Moreover, this correspondence is discriminant-preserving : the value of the invariant polynomial of an element in this representation agrees with the discriminant of the corresponding cubic order. We use this interpretation of the integral orbits to solve three classical-style counting problems related to cubic orders and fields. First, we give an asymp- totic formula for the number of cubic orders having bounded discriminant and nontrivial automorphism group. More generally, we give an asymptotic formula for the number of cubic orders that have bounded discriminant and any given lattice shape (i.e., reduced trace form, up to scaling). Via a sieve, we also count cubic fields of bounded discriminant whose rings of integers have a given lattice shape. We find, in particular, that among cubic orders (resp. fields) having lattice shape of given discriminant D , the shape is equidistributed in the class group Cl D of binary quadratic forms of discriminant D . As a by-product, we also obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of cubic fields of bounded discriminant having any given quadratic resolvent field. |

Publication Date: | 2014 |

Electronic Publication Date: | 20-Apr-2014 |

Citation: | Bhargava, Manjul, Shnidman, Ariel. (2014). On the number of cubic orders of bounded discriminant having automorphism group C-3, and related problems. ALGEBRA & NUMBER THEORY, 8 (53 - 88. doi:10.2140/ant.2014.8.53 |

DOI: | doi:10.2140/ant.2014.8.53 |

ISSN: | 1937-0652 |

EISSN: | 1944-7833 |

Pages: | 53 - 88 |

Type of Material: | Journal Article |

Journal/Proceeding Title: | ALGEBRA & NUMBER THEORY |

Version: | Author's manuscript |

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