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The thermal design, characterization, and performance of the SPIDER long-duration balloon cryostat

Author(s): SPIDER Collaboration; Gudmundsson, JE; Ade, PAR; Amiri, M; Benton, SJ; et al

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Abstract: We describe the SPIDER flight cryostat, which is designed to cool six millimeter-wavelength telescopes during an Antarctic long-duration balloon flight. The cryostat, one of the largest to have flown on a stratospheric payload, uses liquid He-4 to deliver cooling power to stages at 4.2 and 1.6 K. Stainless steel capillaries facilitate a high flow impedance connection between the main liquid helium tank and a smaller superfluid tank, allowing the latter to operate at 1.6 K as long as there is liquid in the 4.2 K main tank. Each telescope houses a closed cycle He-3 adsorption refrigerator that further cools the focal planes down to 300 mK. Liquid helium vapor from the main tank is routed through heat exchangers that cool radiation shields, providing negative thermal feedback. The system performed successfully during a 17 day flight in the 2014-2015 Antarctic summer. The cryostat had a total hold time of 16.8 days, with 15.9 days occurring during flight. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publication Date: 14-Sep-2015
Electronic Publication Date: Dec-2015
Citation: SPIDER Collaboration, Gudmundsson, JE, Ade, PAR, Amiri, M, Benton, SJ, Bock, JJ, Bond, JR, Bryan, SA, Chiang, HC, Contaldi, CR, Crill, BP, Dore, O, Filippini, JP, Fraisse, AA, Gambrel, A, Gandilo, NN, Hasselfield, M, Halpern, M, Hilton, G, Holmes, W, Hristov, VV, Irwin, KD, Jones, WC, Kermish, Z, MacTavish, CJ, Mason, PV, Megerian, K, Moncelsi, L, Montroy, TE, Morford, TA, Nagy, JM, Netterfield, CB, Rahlin, AS, Reintsema, CD, Ruhl, JE, Runyan, MC, Shariff, JA, Soler, JD, Trangsrud, A, Tucker, C, Tucker, RS, Turner, AD, Wiebe, DV, Young, E. (2015). The thermal design, characterization, and performance of the SPIDER long-duration balloon cryostat. CRYOGENICS, 72 (65 - 76. doi:10.1016/j.cryogenics.2015.09.002
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cryogenics.2015.09.002
ISSN: 0011-2275
Pages: 65 - 76
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: CRYOGENICS
Version: Author's manuscript

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