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Author(s): Smith, JDT; Croxall, Kevin; Draine, Bruce T.; De Looze, Ilse; Sandstrom, Karin M.; et al

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Abstract: We present [C II] 158 mu m measurements from over 15,000 resolved regions within 54 nearby galaxies of the KINGFISH program to investigate the so-called [C II] “ line-cooling deficit” long known to occur in galaxies with different luminosities. The [C II]/TIR ratio ranges from above 1% to below 0.1% in the sample, with a mean value of 0.48 +/- 0.21%. We find that the surface density of 24 mu m emission dominates this trend, with [C II]/TIR dropping as nIn(24 mm) increases. Deviations from this overall decline are correlated with changes in the gas-phase metal abundance, with higher metallicity associated with deeper deficits at a fixed surface brightness. We supplement the local sample with resolved [C II] measurements from nearby luminous infrared galaxies and highredshift sources from z = 1.8-6.4, and find that star formation rate density drives a continuous trend of deepening [C II] deficit across six orders of magnitude in Sigma(SFR). The tightness of this correlation suggests that an approximate Sigma(SFR) can be estimated directly from global measurements of [C II]/TIR, and a relation is provided to do so. Several low-luminosity active galactic nucleus (AGN) hosts in the sample show additional and significant central suppression of [C II]/TIR, but these deficit enhancements occur not in those AGNs with the highest X-ray luminosities, but instead those with the highest central starlight intensities. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the [C II] line-cooling line deficit in galaxies likely arises from local physical phenomena in interstellar gas.
Publication Date: 1-Jan-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 22-Dec-2016
Citation: Smith, JDT, Croxall, Kevin, Draine, Bruce, De Looze, Ilse, Sandstrom, Karin, Armus, Lee, Beirao, Pedro, Bolatto, Alberto, Boquien, Mederic, Brandl, Bernhard, Crocker, Alison, Dale, Daniel A, Galametz, Maud, Groves, Brent, Helou, George, Herrera-Camus, Rodrigo, Hunt, Leslie, Kennicutt, Robert, Walter, Fabian, Wolfire, Mark. (2017). THE SPATIALLY RESOLVED[C II] COOLING LINE DEFICIT IN GALAXIES. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 834 (10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/5
DOI: doi:10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/5
ISSN: 0004-637X
EISSN: 1538-4357
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.
Notes: Supplementary data may be available at and

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