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Institutional and Ethnic Variations in Postgraduate Enrollment and Completion

Author(s): Tienda, Marta; Zhao, Linda

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Abstract: Using the B&B:93/03 longitudinal cohort survey, we investigate (1) whether and how much variations in the timing of enrollment, the type of undergraduate institution attended, and type of graduate program pursued contribute to observed racial and ethnic differentials in post-baccalaureate enrollment, and (2) whether the observed enrollment differentials carry over to degree attainment. Dynamic event history methods that account both for the timing of matriculation and the hazard of enrolling reveal that compared to whites underrepresented minorities enroll earlier and also are more likely to enroll in doctoral and advanced professional degree programs relative to nonenrollment. Our results reveal sizable differences in the cumulative probability of advanced degree attainment according to undergraduate institutional mission, with graduates from research institutions enjoying a decided advantage over liberal arts college graduates. The conclusion discusses limitations of the analysis, directions for further research, and implications for strengthening the minority pipeline to graduate school.
Publication Date: 4-Jul-2017
Electronic Publication Date: 30-Mar-2017
Citation: Tienda, Marta, Zhao, Linda. (2017). Institutional and Ethnic Variations in Postgraduate Enrollment and Completion. The Journal of Higher Education, 88 (4), 561 - 592. doi:10.1080/00221546.2016.1272332
DOI: doi:10.1080/00221546.2016.1272332
ISSN: 0022-1546
EISSN: 1538-4640
Pages: 561 - 592
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: The Journal of Higher Education
Version: Author's manuscript

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