Skip to main content

Attitude determination for balloon-borne experiments

Author(s): Gandilo, NN; Ade, PAR; Amiri, M; Angile, FE; Benton, SJ; et al

To refer to this page use:
Abstract: An attitude determination system for balloon-borne experiments is presented. The system provides pointing information in azimuth and elevation for instruments flying on stratospheric balloons over Antarctica. In-flight attitude is given by the real-time combination of readings from star cameras, a magnetometer, sun sensors, GPS, gyroscopes, tilt sensors and an elevation encoder. Post-flight attitude reconstruction is determined from star camera solutions, interpolated by the gyroscopes using an extended Kalman Filter. The multi-sensor system was employed by the Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for Polarimetry (BLASTPol), an experiment that measures polarized thermal emission from interstellar dust clouds. A similar system was designed for the upcoming flight of SPIDER, a Cosmic Microwave Background polarization experiment. The pointing requirements for these experiments are discussed, as well as the challenges in designing attitude reconstruction systems for high altitude balloon flights. In the 2010 and 2012 BLASTPol flights from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, the system demonstrated an accuracy of < 5' rms in-flight, and < 5 '' rms post-flight.
Publication Date: 22-Jul-2014
Electronic Publication Date: 2014
Citation: Gandilo, NN, Ade, PAR, Amiri, M, Angile, FE, Benton, SJ, Bock, JJ, Bond, JR, Bryan, SA, Chiang, HC, Contald, CR, Crill, BP, Devlin, MJ, Dober, B, Doree, OP, Farhang, M, Filippini, JP, Fissel, LM, Fraisse, AA, Fukui, Y, Galitzki, N, Gambrel, AE, Golwala, S, Gudmundsson, JE, Halpern, M, Hasselfield, M, Hilton, GC, Holmes, WA, Hristov, VV, Irwin, KD, Jones, WC, Kermish, ZD, Klein, J, Korotkov, AL, Kuo, CL, MacTavish, CJ, Masonf, PV, Matthews, TG, Megerian, KG, Moncelsi, L, Morford, TA, Mroczkowski, TK, Nagy, JM, Netterfield, CB, Novak, G, Nutter, D, O'Brient, R, Pascale, E, Poidevin, F, Rahlin, AS, Reintsema, CD, Ruhl, JE, Runyan, MC, Savini, G, Scott, D, Shariff, JA, Soler, JD, Thomas, NE, Trangsru, A, Truch, MD, Tucker, CE, Tucker, GS, Tucker, RS, Turner, AD, Ward-Thompson, D, Weber, AC, Wiebe, DV, Young, EY. (2014). Attitude determination for balloon-borne experiments. 10.1117/12.2055156
DOI: doi:10.1117/12.2055156
ISSN: 0277-786X
Type of Material: Conference Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes V
Version: Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.

Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.