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The Effect of Density Zoning on Racial Segregation in U.S. Urban Areas

Author(s): Rothwell, Jonathan; Massey, Douglas S.

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Abstract: The authors argue that anti-density zoning increases Black residential segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas by reducing the quantity of affordable housing in White jurisdictions. Drawing on census data and local regulatory indicators compiled by Pendall, the authors estimate a series of regression models to measure the effect of maximum density zoning on Black segregation. Results estimated using ordinary least squares indicate a strong and significant cross-sectional relationship between low-density zoning and racial segregation, even after controlling for other zoning policies and a variety of metropolitan characteristics, a relationship that persists under two-stage least squares estimation. Both estimation strategies also suggest that anti-density zoning inhibits desegregation over time.
Publication Date: Jul-2009
Electronic Publication Date: 9-Apr-2009
Citation: Rothwell, Jonathan, Massey, Douglas S. (2009). The Effect of Density Zoning on Racial Segregation in U.S. Urban Areas. Urban Affairs Review, 44 (6), 779 - 806. doi:10.1177/1078087409334163
DOI: doi:10.1177/1078087409334163
ISSN: 1078-0874
EISSN: 1552-8332
Pages: 779 - 806
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Urban Affairs Review
Version: Author's manuscript

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