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|Abstract:||Radiation feedback from young star clusters embedded in giant molecular clouds (GMCs) is believed to be important to the control of star formation. For the most massive and dense clouds, including those in which super star clusters (SSCs) are born, pressure from reprocessed radiation exerted on dust grains may disperse a significant portion of the cloud mass back into the interstellar medium. Using our radiation hydrodynamics code, Hyperion, we conduct a series of numerical simulations to test this idea. Our models follow the evolution of self-gravitating, strongly turbulent clouds in which collapsing regions are replaced by radiating sink particles representing stellar clusters. We evaluate the dependence of the star formation efficiency (SFE) on the size and mass of the cloud and., the opacity of the gas to infrared (IR) radiation. We find that the single most important parameter determining the evolutionary outcome is kappa, with kappa greater than or similar to 15 cm(2)g(-1) needed to disrupt clouds. For kappa = 20-40 cm(2)g(-1), the resulting SFE= 50%-70% is similar to empirical estimates for some SSC-forming clouds. The opacities required for GMC disruption likely apply only in dust-enriched environments. We find that the subgrid model approach of boosting the direct radiation force L c by a “trapping factor” equal to a cloud’s mean IR optical depth can overestimate the true radiation force by factors of similar to 4-5. We conclude that feedback from reprocessed IR radiation alone is unlikely to significantlyreduce star formation within GMCs unless their dust abundances or cluster light-to-mass ratios are enhanced.|
|Electronic Publication Date:||21-Aug-2015|
|Citation:||Skinner, M Aaron, Ostriker, Eve C. (2015). NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF TURBULENT MOLECULAR CLOUDS REGULATED BY REPROCESSED RADIATION FEEDBACK FROM NASCENT SUPER STAR CLUSTERS. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 809 (10.1088/0004-637X/809/2/187|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL|
|Version:||Final published version. Article is made available in OAR by the publisher's permission or policy.|
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