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Increasing Smart Meter Privacy Through Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Author(s): Tan, Onur; Gunduz, Deniz; Poor, H Vincent

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Abstract: Smart meters are key elements for the operation of smart grids. By providing near realtime information on the energy consumption of individual users, smart meters increase the efficiency in generation, distribution and storage of energy in a smart grid. The ability of the utility provider to track users' energy consumption inevitably leads to important threats to privacy. In this paper, privacy in a smart metering system is studied from an information theoretic perspective in the presence of energy harvesting and storage units. It is shown that energy harvesting provides increased privacy by diversifying the energy source, while a storage device can be used to increase both the energy efficiency and the privacy of the user. For given input load and energy harvesting rates, it is shown that there exists a trade-off between the information leakage rate, which is used to measure the privacy of the user, and the wasted energy rate, which is a measure of the energy-efficiency. The impact of the energy harvesting rate and the size of the storage device on this trade-off is also studied.
Publication Date: Jul-2013
Citation: Tan, Onur, Deniz Gunduz, and H. Vincent Poor. "Increasing smart meter privacy through energy harvesting and storage devices." IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 31, no. 7 (2013): 1331-1341. doi:10.1109/JSAC.2013.130715
DOI: 10.1109/JSAC.2013.130715
ISSN: 0733-8716
EISSN: 1558-0008
Pages: 1331 - 1341
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Version: Author's manuscript

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