To refer to this page use:
|Abstract:||The expansion of the US carceral state has been accompanied by the emergence of what we call the ‘shadow carceral state’. Operating beyond the confines of criminal law and justice institutions, the shadow carceral state expands penal power through institutional annexation and legal hybridity, including: (1) increased civil and administrative pathways to incarceration; (2) the creation of civil ‘alternatives’ to invalidated criminal statutes; and (3) the incorporation of criminal law into administrative legal processes in ways that enhance state carceral power. Although legal doctrine deems civil and administration sanctions to be ‘not-punishment’, we call for a broad understanding of penal power and the carceral state.|
|Citation:||Beckett, Katherine, and Naomi Murakawa. "Mapping the shadow carceral state: Toward an institutionally capacious approach to punishment." Theoretical Criminology 16, no. 2 (2012): 221-244.|
|Pages:||221 - 244|
|Type of Material:||Journal Article|
|Journal/Proceeding Title:||Theoretical Criminology|
|Version:||Final published version. This is an open access article.|
Items in OAR@Princeton are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.