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Best Practices: How to Evaluate Psychological Science for Use by Organizations

Author(s): Fiske, Susan T.; Borgida, Eugene

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Abstract: We discuss how organizations can evaluate psychological science for its potential usefulness to their own purposes. Common sense is often the default but inadequate alternative, and benchmarking supplies only collective hunches instead of validated principles. External validity is an empirical process of identifying moderator variables, not a simple yes-no judgment about whether lab results replicate in the field. Hence, convincing criteria must specify what constitutes highquality empirical evidence for organizational use. First, we illustrate some theories and science that have potential use. Then we describe generally accepted criteria for scientific quality and consensus, starting with peer review for quality, and scientific agreement in forms ranging from surveys of experts to meta-analyses to National Research Council consensus reports. Linkages of basic science to organizations entail communicating expert scientific consensus, motivating managerial interest, and translating broad principles to specific contexts. We close with parting advice to both sides of the researcher-practitioner divide.
Publication Date: Jan-2011
Electronic Publication Date: Jan-2011
Citation: Fiske, Susan T, Borgida, Eugene. (2011). Best practices: How to evaluate psychological science for use by organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 31 (253 - 275. doi:10.1016/j.riob.2011.10.003
DOI: doi:10.1016/j.riob.2011.10.003
ISSN: 0191-3085
Pages: 253 - 275
Type of Material: Journal Article
Journal/Proceeding Title: Research in Organizational Behavior
Version: Author's manuscript

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