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The simplest maximum entropy model for collective behavior in a neural network

Author(s): Tkacik, Gasper; Marre, Olivier; Mora, Thierry; Amodei, Dario; Berry II, Michael J; et al

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Abstract: Recent work emphasizes that the maximum entropy principle provides a bridge between statistical mechanics models for collective behavior in neural networks and experiments on networks of real neurons. Most of this work has focused on capturing the measured correlations among pairs of neurons. Here we suggest an alternative, constructing models that are consistent with the distribution of global network activity, i.e. the probability that K out of N cells in the network generate action potentials in the same small time bin. The inverse problem that we need to solve in constructing the model is analytically tractable, and provides a natural 'thermodynamics' for the network in the limit of large N. We analyze the responses of neurons in a small patch of the retina to naturalistic stimuli, and find that the implied thermodynamics is very close to an unusual critical point, in which the entropy (in proper units) is exactly equal to the energy.
Publication Date: Mar-2013
Electronic Publication Date: 12-Mar-2013
Citation: Tkacik, Gasper, Marre, Olivier, Mora, Thierry, Amodei, Dario, Berry, Michael J, Bialek, William. (2013). The simplest maximum entropy model for collective behavior in a neural network. JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS-THEORY AND EXPERIMENT, 10.1088/1742-5468/2013/03/P03011
DOI: doi:10.1088/1742-5468/2013/03/P03011
ISSN: 1742-5468
Type of Material: Journal Article
Version: Author's manuscript

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